related metrics presents an opportunity to trigger policy learning, action, and cooperation to bring cities closer to sustainable development.
Getting published in an international journal, perspectives of Editors and Publisher
Moderator: Mr. Adam Fraser
As researchers, you want to get publish to disseminate your ideas, to uncover potential research collaborations, to progress in your academic career and to secure research funding. This panel will offer insights into scholarly publishing and give advice for preparing manuscripts to give you the best chance of publishing in an international journal. The session is suitable for PhD and Post Docs students, as well as for researchers who have experience in the dissemination their research results.
The importance of authors to learn the specific aspects of the publishing cycle has become ever more crucial as the number of submissions, and as a consequence the number of rejections continues to rise. Taking on board the advice of leading journal editors by understanding the process and the expectations of editors when they receive your manuscript may help your manuscript stand out from crowd.
Peer-reviewed publications are a major product of present-day research. Beside conference presentations, teaching and industrial project implementation, they are one of the main outputs of research work. Many, mostly statistical, systems exist for expressing the influence of publication, such as Impact Factors (2- and 5-years), Total Cites, Immediacy Index, Cited Half-life, Eigenfactor®, Score, Article Influence® Score from Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, SRJ from SCOPUS, Elsevier and various h-indexes.
Related to this problem appeared a very interesting recent paper suggesting another indication: R-index (Logan 2014). The author suggests that the review process would be improved if we had reviewer metrics as well as author metrics. R-indices can be defined as the number of reviews, in which the author has provided over his/her academic career. Logan correctly stated that if it is possible to track total publications numbers and total citations, why not also track a total number of reviews?
There can be various R-indices: R-factor, the number of reviews that an author has provided over the author’s academic career, R 5 - over 5 years, R 2 - over two years and R 1—over a calendar or running year. However, Logan developed the idea even further: One peer-review publication requires typically three reviews. It means that for 10 publications, 30 reviews being needed, a representative R-index should be the number of reviews divided by the number of published papers. It is an appealing idea.
Stepping up the penetration of renewables against infrastructural and financial barriers
Moderator: Prof. Antonio Piacentino
After more than a decade of constant increase, in the last two years the penetration of renewable energy sources in the power market of several industrialized countries has slightly dampened. This trend has often coincided with the achievement of penetration rates in the order of 30-35%, and it is often interpreted as a consequence of a number of simultaneous factors.
Scarce flexibility of the power system, mainly related to insufficient capacity of local UHV and HV transmission grid and high inertia of a relevant share of conventional power generation units, is usually identified as a main barrier, due to the associated risks for grid stability. Peculiar features of each renewable technology, such as the well known “duck problem” for solar PV, also play a role, making the obstacles harder to overcome whenever a single intermittent source covers a large share of the renewable installed capacity.
These criticisms, however, have been already addressed and solved in several regions where extremely high penetration of renewables has been achieved. Also, focusing the attention only on these critical aspects risks to leave hidden some other arguments, related to the fluctuating impulse given by local support mechanisms for renewables and the competitive pressure exerted by companies operating conventional (and often highly efficient!) power plants and by importers and exporters of fossil fuels.
The panel is intended to represent a platform to share views and discuss strategies to speed up the penetration of renewables where stalemating.
The integration of variable renewable energy sources into energy systems is connected to the system flexibility as it is necessary to ensure balancing between demand and supply. There are four main sources of flexibility in current power systems, flexibility in generation units, electricity storage, interconnections and demand side management. Every of these flexibility sources has technical and market potential in particular area. With increasing number of installations of renewable energy sources it become obvious that there are periods with higher and lower demands for flexibility and the size of integration area plays the crucial role if the right infrastructure is in the place. Unlocking the flexibility potential must be prioritised by policy makers and all stakeholders if large scale integration of variable energy sources is expected. Overview of different approaches for unlocking the flexibility will be presented and discussed.